In his piece, James Surowiecki does a good job of teasing out some of the main issues around low-wage work these days. These include:
- The transition from a high-wage manufacturing economy that provided blue-collar middle class jobs to a low-wage services economy (Note: It's my opinion that the high-wage manufacturing economy was an anomalous period, where an export-driven US economy could essentially grow unimpeded by competition, and where modern corporate governance had yet to place an emphasis on the primacy of the shareholder)
- The increasing trend for low-wage workers to be adult breadwinners, rather than adolescents looking to earn spending money
- The remarkable statistic that Apple's profits exceed those of all retailers, restaurant chains, and and supermarkets in the Fortune 500 combined...and that Apple employs 76,000, while those old-line companies employ 5.6 million
In that very same paragraph, he adds, "Congress is currently considering a bill increasing the minimum wage to $10.10 over the next three years. That’s an increase that the companies can easily tolerate, and it would make a significant difference in the lives of low-wage workers."
I looked up Walmart's most recent 10K filing. SG&A (largely wages) made up $21.7 billion of Walmart's expenses for the quarter, or just about 19% of revenues. Walmart's profits were 3.3%.
Increasing the minimum wage from $7.25/hour to $10.10/hour represents a 39% increase. If Walmart's SG&A expenses rose 39%, they would increase to 26.5%. Walmart would go from making 3.3 cents for every dollar sold to losing 4.2 cents.
Doesn't sound like something Walmart "could easily tolerate," does it?
Despite my criticisms, I share Surowiecki's opinion that raising the minimum wage isn't enough. Raising the minimum wage is attractive to folks who lack economic sense because it doesn't carry an easily reckoned hard dollar cost, and is simple to carry out.
A better approach is to provide a more effective social safety net:
"Realistically, then, a higher minimum wage can be only part of the solution. We also need to expand the earned-income tax credit, and strengthen the social-insurance system, including child care and health care (the advent of Obamacare will help in this regard). Fast-food jobs in Germany and the Netherlands aren’t much better-paid than in the U.S., but a stronger safety net makes workers much better off."I heartily agree, though I'd add educational reform to the mix, so that you don't have to be wealthy to get a good public education (the essential fact that drives today's housing market).
There is only one easy way to increase wages, and that is to increase the demand for labor. The law of supply and demand will then lead to an increase in wages. Rather that futzing around with foolish policies, our government should focus on enabling economic growth, which will help a heck of a lot more than the smoke and mirrors of minimum wage increases.